After 3,000 years, the “Lost Golden City” is discovered in the Egyptian sands

When a city thought to be lost to time was suddenly unearthed, it proved that not everything which is gold shines in the light of the Egyptian sun.

Egyptologists led by Dr. Zahi Hawass were in search of the funerary temple of King Tutankhamun, since deified pharaohs and queens would have funerary temples built in their honor so worshippers could leave offerings. Other funerary temples had previously been found at the site. What they found was something almost as impressive as the young king’s tomb. It was a labyrinthine city of mud brick walls that turned out to be the vanished ancient metropolis founded by Tutankhamun’s grandfather, King Amenhotep III. This was the “Lost Golden City”.

“Because the area is one close to some major standing monuments, and since this is desert and relatively flat, the wind builds up surface sand very quickly, and mud brick walls disappear easily,” Egyptologist Betsy Bryan, who was not directly involved in the research, told SYFY WIRE. “Since Malkata palace had been located in the late 19th century, and the temple of Amenhotep son of Hapu was found in the 1930s to the north of the new site, little had been thought to be lacking.”

Ruins of the Golden City of Amenhotep III. Credit: Khaled Desouki/AFP/Getty Images

Hawass and his team started excavating in the area, which extends into the legendary treasure trove of Deir-el-Medina, and is between the Temple of Ramses III in Medinet Habu and the Temple of Amenhotep in Memnon. Because Tutankhamun’s successor Ay had also built a funerary temple there, they believed this could mean the temple of Tutankamun himself was also nearby. What they found exceeded all expectations. The city is impeccably preserved, with walls the did not crumble over the centuries and objects left as if whoever had been using them was about to return.

Hieroglyphics on ceramic wine stoppers told of who founded it The Golden City. It was the heart of administration and industry in the Egyptian empire, and within it once stood the three splendid royal palaces of Amenhotep III. All this was on the other side of an uncommon type of wavy wall was only built towards the end of the Eighteenth dynasty. On the other side, Hawass’ team found everything from workshops (bricks with the seal of Amenhotep III were still there), food containers, industrial tools, jewelry, casting molds for magical amulets and inscriptions that whisper from the distant past. There was even a fish covered in gold (below).

“There is now real indication that Amenhotep III’s city was the true precursor to Amarna and was similar in size and layout,” Bryan said. “The amount of palace-made high quality storage vessels left in place at the time of abandonment is striking. It certainly suggests that these were left behind at the time that Akhenaten departed for Amarna in his 5th year, and it indicates that everyone just picked up and left at that time, at least from this industrial environment.”

A gilded fish being carried out of the ruins of the Golden City. Credit: Khaled Desouki/AFP/Getty Images

Some unusual burials also surfaced. Two cows were strangely positioned and buried in separate chambers, and a person whose identity remains unknown had also been buried in their own chamber with arms laid out at their sides and rope around their feet. The significance of these burials remains undetermined for now. However, what is better known is the glory of the king who ran the city.

Amenhotep III brought peace and prosperity to Egypt. He only ever fought one war, and though he was already married to Queen Tiy, multiple marriages were not taboo. The pharaoh would go on to marry multiple royal women from foreign countries to strengthen alliances. He also built extensively throughout Egypt and Nubia. Most of his building efforts were concentrated in Thebes and Memphis, including the Colossi of Memnon, his own funerary temple, and his palace complex. Egypt was obviously not at a loss for gold then. Horses, copper and lapis lazuli from Asia were bought with Egyptian gold.

“Amenhotep III was the greatest and most prolific builder Egypt had ever seen at the time,” Bryan said. “Rameses II emulated him and took over many of his monuments, making it appear that he was actaully the greatest builder, but it’s not likely to be true. His legacy was of the king who was the most powerful, richest and capable of his Near Eastern peers. Egyptologists rather uniformly consider the art produced for his reign to be the finest ever made in Egypt.”

Pharaohs and queens always had an influence on religion in Ancient Egypt. Not only were they worshipped as gods and goddesses themselves after death, but they had favorite deities in life. The pharaoh’s favored goddess was the lion-headed war goddess Sekhmet. Rituals dedicated to Sekhmet included the pouring of beer, dyed red, poured over the ground to feed her insatiable thirst for blood. There were yearly festivals dedicated to Sekhmet during which revelers hoping to have a vision of the goddess would drink beyond intoxication while lotus-shaped metal trinkets holding some sort of hallucinogen (possibly opium) were dangled over their heads.

Unearthed in the Golden city were some unusual burials, like this one. Credit: Khaled Desouki/AFP/Getty Images

Amenhotep III was also dedicated to the Sun gods Aten and Ra, giving them as much significane as the rest of Egypt’s temple gods and naming his city what translated to “Ascension of Aten”. Whether this influenced his son to go to extremes with the worship of Aten later remains unclear. Amenhotep IV, who changed his name to Akhenaten or “Beneficial to Aten” because he went monotheistic and only worshipped Aten and tried to abolish the Egyptian pantheon…that didn’t go too well.

The controversial shift in religion may be the reason that Akhenaten decided to abandon the Golden City when he ascended the throne build his palace elsewhere. After his death, Tutankhamun restored the pantheon and breathed life back into the city. Bryan believes Akhentaen’s heresy tarnished the reputation of his illustrious father.

Jewelry and other artifacts from the Golden City. Credit: Khaled Desouki/AFP/Getty Images

“What Amenhotep III did was to focus the attention away from Amun-Re of Karnak, enabling the worship of Re-Horakhty and then Aten to develop easily,” she said. “Had Akhenaten not become the heretic ruler that he did, Amenhotep III would certainly have been remembered far more for his own feats.”

More about these mysteries could be revealed as secrets of the Golden City continue to emerge. While it may no longer be the bustling epicenter of an empire, resplendent with the luxuries of its day, the sun will never really set on the people who gave it light.

Related Posts

His Thick, Bristled, Bespeckled Face Is Only Outshone By An Outstanding Crushingly Crimson Vest!

A bird with a thick bristled bespeckled face and a crushingly crimson vest broken by a broad black cummerbund! Meet the Bearded Barbet “Bearded Barbet 1” by mosher13 is licensed under CC BY 2.0. The  bearded barbet  (Lybius dubius) is a fairly …

Read more

CT Scan Uncovers Mummified Monk Inside 1,000-Year-Old Buddha Sculpture

After coпdυctiпg a CT scaп, scieпtists were sυrprised by the image iпside a Bυddha statυe datiпg back more thaп 1,000 years ago. Discoveriпg the secret iпside a 1,000-year-old Bυddha statυe Report of DTadsIп 2014, scieпtists who cracked the screeп achieved …

Read more

Discovered an odd 8-kilometer-long item on the ocean floor that may be a remnant of a city: The enigma surrounding the submerged wealth between 200 BC and 600 AD

In j𝚞st 𝚘n𝚎 ni𝚐ht, 𝚊n 𝚎nti𝚛𝚎 m𝚘st 𝚍𝚎v𝚎l𝚘𝚙𝚎𝚍 civiliz𝚊ti𝚘n w𝚊s s𝚞𝚋m𝚎𝚛𝚐𝚎𝚍 in th𝚎 𝚍𝚎𝚙ths 𝚘𝚏 th𝚎 𝚘c𝚎𝚊n, l𝚎𝚊vin𝚐 h𝚞m𝚊ns with 𝚊 h𝚞𝚐𝚎 𝚚𝚞𝚎sti𝚘n m𝚊𝚛k th𝚊t h𝚊s 𝚢𝚎t t𝚘 𝚋𝚎 𝚎x𝚙l𝚘𝚛𝚎𝚍. Acc𝚘𝚛𝚍in𝚐 t𝚘 th𝚎 D𝚊il𝚢 St𝚊𝚛, Sc𝚘tt C. W𝚊𝚛in𝚐 – 𝚊 UFO 𝚎nth𝚞si𝚊st 𝚛𝚎c𝚎ntl𝚢 𝚍isc𝚘v𝚎𝚛𝚎𝚍 …

Read more

Huge 3,500-year-old settlement founded by Tutankhamun’s grandfather unearthed

A𝚛ch𝚊𝚎𝚘l𝚘𝚐ists 𝚊nn𝚘𝚞nc𝚎𝚍 th𝚎 𝚍isc𝚘v𝚎𝚛𝚢 𝚘𝚏 𝚊 3,500-𝚢𝚎𝚊𝚛-𝚘l𝚍 ‘l𝚘st 𝚐𝚘l𝚍𝚎n cit𝚢’ th𝚊t w𝚊s 𝚋𝚞ilt 𝚋𝚢 Kin𝚐 T𝚞t𝚊nkh𝚊m𝚞n’s 𝚐𝚛𝚊n𝚍𝚏𝚊th𝚎𝚛 𝚊n𝚍 m𝚊𝚢 𝚋𝚎 th𝚎 m𝚘st si𝚐ni𝚏ic𝚊nt 𝚏in𝚍 sinc𝚎 th𝚎 𝚋𝚘𝚢-𝚙h𝚊𝚛𝚊𝚘h’s l𝚊vish t𝚘m𝚋 w𝚊s 𝚞n𝚎𝚊𝚛th𝚎𝚍 n𝚎𝚊𝚛l𝚢 𝚊 c𝚎nt𝚞𝚛𝚢 𝚊𝚐𝚘. Th𝚎 𝚊nci𝚎nt 𝚙h𝚊𝚛𝚊𝚘nic …

Read more

Jewelry, golden Buddha statues and golden masks

As humans, our fascination with uncovering hidden treasures carrying secrets from ancient times has endured throughout history. These treasures hold not only monetary value but also offer invaluable insights into our past. In this article, we delve into …

Read more

“Ancient Discovery: Hittite Bracelet Unearthed by Farmer, Dating Back 3300 Years”

Hittite artifacts are relatively rare, making this discovery particularly noteworthy. The bracelet provides a tangible link to the Hittite civilization and offers insights into their craftsmanship, artistic traditions, and social practices. A farmer in …

Read more

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *